Almost all metals are recyclable, iron and steel make up most of the recycled metal. Most of the recycled metal comes from industries and household waste, especially in cities and towns.
Metals are one of the easiest materials for recycling. They can be recycled multiple times with no changes to their basic properties. Scrap metal can be melted, reshaped, and reused many times. This makes it a resource that will never run out. Ferrous scrap metal recycling can help reduce pollution, save resources and reduce waste going into landfills. It also helps to prevent habitat destruction from new ore mining.
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- Environmental benefits -Recycling metal saves natural resources and uses less energy than creating new metal from virgin ore. Producing new metals releases more greenhouse gases than making products from recycled metal. This can lead to health problems and climate change. According to the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, recycling metal could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 300 million-500 million tons. Additionally, scrap metal generated 97% less mining waste and 40% more water.
- Energy Conservation – Energy savings from recycled materials are 92% for aluminum, 90% for copper, and 56% for steel. The US Environmental Protection Agency states that recycling one aluminum can help you save enough energy to power a 60-watt lightbulb for approximately 4 hours.
- Economic benefits -Metal Recycling creates 36 more jobs than sending the metal to an incinerator and 6 times more than sending it to a landfill. The entire recycling industry generates large amounts of money each year for the economy. This is not all. The products made from recycled materials can be reused in a variety of ways, including being used in shops or businesses around the world. This creates a more economic-friendly cycle.